Accession Number:

ADA525030

Title:

U.S.-Funded Assistance Programs in China

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2010-07-09

Pagination or Media Count:

14.0

Abstract:

This report provides legislative and policy background concerning U.S. assistance programs in the Peoples Republic of China PRC. The U.S. Agency for International Development USAID does not have an official presence in China. The majority of congressional foreign operations appropriations for the PRC promotes the rule of law, civil society, and political development in the country. These programs constitute a key component of U.S. efforts to promote democratic change in the PRC. Other related U.S. activities include participation in official bilateral dialogues on human rights, public diplomacy programs, and open criticism of PRC policies. During the past decade, U.S. democracy assistance to China has grown in size and breadth. Funding has grown from an annual average of 9.9 million during the 2000-2004 period, mostly for democracy assistance and aid to Tibetans, to 35.3 million during the 2005-2009 period. During the latter period, the United States supported not only democracy and Tibetan programs but also HIVAIDS programs, educational exchanges, and expanded rule of law programs in the PRC that include environmental law and criminal justice. Between 2001 and 2010, the United States government authorized or made available nearly 275 million for foreign operations programs in China, of which 229 million was devoted to rule of law and civil society programs and to Tibetan communities. The Department of States Human Rights and Democracy Fund HRDF has been the principal means of support for U.S. rule of law and civil society activities in China. The Development Assistance DA account, administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID, has been a growing source of funding for rule of law programs. The U.S. Congress has played a leading role in initiating programs and determining funding levels for these objectives. Non-governmental organizations, such as the Ford Foundation, and other countries also provide substantial democracy-relate

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE