The Origins of Marshal Lyautey's Pacification Doctrine in Morocco From 1912 to 1925
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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The work achieved by Marshal Louis Hubert Gonzalve Lyautey 1854-1934 in Morocco between 1912 and 1925, while he served as the resident general, occupies a special place in French military history. Lyauteys work still applies today, and is seen as a model in the difficult domain of counter-insurgency operations. Far from conquering with raw strength alone, Lyautey acted as a statesman and pacified the country while strengthening the authority of the Sultan. Based on the principles of peaceful penetration and the oil drop theory, his actions allowed the simultaneous development of infrastructure and economy, while facilitating the reform of Moroccan institutions, decisively contributing to the birth of modern Morocco. Simple but effective because of its flexibility Lyauteys doctrine is the joint fruit of his experience and of the progressive maturation of colonial thought, which he knew how to apply and promote better than anyone else. From the numerous documents written by Lyautey himself, his detractors, his critics and modern historians, this thesis examines the doctrine which guided Lyauteys actions in Morocco. The primary aim is to determine the value and relevance of what Lyautey accomplished in Morocco, by examining the origins of Lyauteys doctrine and design.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics