The Structure and Dynamics of the Upper Chromosphere and Lower Transition Region as Revealed by the Subarcsecond VAULT Observations
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC SPACE SCIENCE DIV
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The Very high Angular resolution ULtraviolet Telescope VAULT is a sounding rocket payload built to study the crucial interface between the solar chromosphere and the corona by observing the strongest line in the solar spectrum, the Ly alpha line at 1216 angstrom. In Two Flights, VAULT succeeded in obtaining the first ever sub-arcsecond 0.5 images of this region with high sensitivity and cadence. Detailed analyses of those observations have contributed significantly to new ideas about the nature of the transition region. Here, we present a broad overview of the Ly alpha atmosphere as revealed by the VAULT observations, and bring together past results and new analyses from the second VAULT flight to create a synthesis of our current knowledge of the high-resolution Ly alpha Sun. We hope that this work will serve as a good reference for the design of upcoming Ly alpha telescopes and observing plans.
- Optical Detection and Detectors