Accession Number:

ADA523485

Title:

Naval Research Laboratory Multiscale Targeting Guidance for T-PARC and TCS-08

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB MONTEREY CA MARINE METEOROLOGY DIV

Report Date:

2010-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

20.0

Abstract:

As part of The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment THORPEX Pacific Asian Regional Campaign T-PARC and the Office of Naval Researchs ONRs Tropical Cyclone Structure-08 TCS-08 experiments, a variety of real-time products were produced at the Naval Research Laboratory during the field campaign that took place from August through early October 2008. In support of the targeted observing objective, large-scale targeting guidance was produced twice daily using singular vectors SVs from the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System NOGAPS. These SVs were optimized for fixed regions centered over Guam, Taiwan, Japan, and two regions over the North Pacific east of Japan. During high-interest periods, flow-dependent SVs were also produced. In addition, global ensemble forecasts were produced and were useful for examining the potential downstream impacts of extratropical transitions. For mesoscale models, TC forecasts were produced using a new version of the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System COAMPS developed specifically for tropical cyclone prediction COAMPS-TC. In addition to the COAMPS-TC forecasts, mesoscale targeted observing products were produced using the COAMPS forecast and adjoint system twice daily, centered on storms of interest, at a 40-km horizontal resolution. These products were produced with 24-, 36-, and 48-h lead times. The nonhydrostatic adjoint system used during T-PARCTCS-08 contains an exact adjoint to the explicit microphysics. An adaptive response function region was used to target favorable areas for tropical cyclone formation and development. Results indicate that forecasts of tropical cyclones in the western Pacific are very sensitive to the initial state.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE