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Precision Targeting With a Tracking Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope

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Conference paper

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Precise targeting of retinal structures including retinal pigment epithelial cells, feeder vessels, ganglion cells, photoreceptors, and other cells important for light transduction may enable earlier disease intervention with laser therapies and advanced methods for vision studies. A novel imaging system based upon scanning laser ophthalmoscopy SLO with adaptive optics AO and active image stabilization was designed, developed, and tested in humans and animals. An additional port allows delivery of aberration-corrected therapeuticstimulus laser sources. The system design includes simultaneous presentation of non-AO, wide-field tilde 40 deg and AO, high-magnification 1-2 deg retinal scans easily positioned anywhere on the retina in a drag-and-drop manner. The AO optical design achieves an error of 0.45 waves at 800 nm over plus or minus 6 deg on the retina. A MEMS-based deformable mirror Boston Micromachines Inc. is used for wave-front correction. The third generation retinal tracking system achieves a bandwidth of greater than 1 kHz allowing acquisition of stabilized AO images with an accuracy of tilde 10 micrometers. Normal adult human volunteers and animals with previously-placed lesions cynomolgus monkeys were tested to optimize the tracking instrumentation and to characterize AO imaging performance. Ultrafast laser pulses were delivered to monkeys to characterize the ability to precisely place lesions and stimulus beams. Other advanced features such as real-time image averaging, automatic highresolution mosaic generation, and automatic blink detection and tracking re-lock were also tested. The system has the potential to become an important tool to clinicians and researchers for early detection and treatment of retinal diseases.

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  • Optics

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