Separation of Bacterial Spores from Flowing Water in Macro-Scale Cavities by Ultrasonic Standing Waves
PHYSICAL SCIENCES INC ANDOVER MA
Pagination or Media Count:
The separation of micron-sized bacterial spores Bacillus cereus from a steady flow of water through the use of ultrasonic standing waves is demonstrated. An ultrasonic resonator with cross-section of 0.0254 m x 0.0254 m has been designed with a flow inlet and outlet for a water stream that ensures laminar flow conditions into and out of the resonator section of the flow tube. A 0.01905-m diameter PZT-4, nominal 2-MHz transducer is used to generate ultrasonic standing waves in the resonator. The acoustic resonator is 0.0356 m from transducer face to the opposite reflector wall with the acoustic field in a direction orthogonal to the water flow direction. At fixed frequency excitation, spores are concentrated at the stable locations of the acoustic radiation force and trapped in the resonator region. The effect of the transducer voltage and frequency on the efficiency of spore capture in the resonator has been investigated. Successful separation of B. cereus spores from water with typical volume flow rates of 40-250 mlmin has been achieved with 15 efficiency in a single pass at 40 mlmin.
- Inorganic Chemistry