Accession Number:

ADA523184

Title:

Route to a Stronger Alliance: Command and Control of the Second Infantry Division

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2004-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

The Republic of Korea ROK and United States began their alliance during the dark days of the Korean War. The US-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty formalized the relationship, where the two countries established their determination to defend the peninsula against attack. Due to its forward location between the Demilitarized Zone DMZ and Seoul, the U.S. Second Infantry Division 2 ID continues to be the most visible symbol of the commitment of the United States to the defense of the ROK. The Second Infantry Division 2 ID was the first division deployed from the continental United States to the Korean Peninsula to help hold the Pusan Perimeter. It fought through the toughest battles of the war, redeployed to Ft. Lewis briefly, then returned to Korea in 1965 and has remained ever since. The 14,323 soldiers, plus 1689 Korean Augmentation to the United States Army soldiers KATUSAs, inhabit multiple camps throughout Kyong-gi and Kangwon Provinces between the DMZ and Seoul. The division is unique in the U.S. inventory in that it is organized into a heavy brigade consisting of two armor battalions and one mechanized infantry battalion, and an infantry brigade consisting of one mechanized infantry battalion and two air assault infantry battalions. A third brigade would deploy from the United States to complete the division. They are supported by a reinforced division artillery and an aviation brigade which includes a battalion of AH-64 Longbow Apache helicopters. The appropriate combat support and service support organizations complete the division. The divisions mission, as stated by their higher headquarters, the Eighth United States Army EUSA, is to deter war on the Korean peninsula by maintaining a high state of combat readiness and vigilance. 2 ID units SECOND TO NONE stand shoulder-to-shoulder with first-echelon Korean units immediately south of the DMZ.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE