Accession Number:

ADA523126

Title:

Searching for the Essence of Red Teaming: Linearity, Overcoming Rationality, Toward Sensemaking

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2010-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

49.0

Abstract:

The intent of this monograph is to examine red teams and their potential to enable better decision making in the United States Army. The strategic and operational environment in which the United States military will operate in for the foreseeable future is characterized by its complexity. Historically, the United States military has taken a linear approach to understanding the environment as well as to decision making and problem solving. This linear approach limits the ability of the military to adapt when faced with rivals who do not adhere to similar methodologies. When the military is placed in environments in which the rules of rationality differ from what is expected, it perceives the system to be chaotic, when in fact it is not. This seeming chaos reduces the effectiveness of military action because the military may end up solving the wrong problem. Given that the military will need to be able to operate within this type of environment for some time to come, new methodologies have been incorporated into Army staffs, including red teams. The author argues that red teaming combats a historical legacy of linear thinking and bounded rationality by providing an alternative perspective to the staff, thereby triggering sensemaking. From sensemaking adaptation and creativity emerge, better enabling the Army to manage complex systems within limits of tolerance. The author recommends that the Army invest additional resources in its red team members to enhance their ability to use the considerable arsenal of tools at their disposal.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Psychology
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE