A Revision of the Adult and Larval Mosquitoes of Japan (Including the Ryukyu Archipelago and the Ogasawara Islands) and Korea (Diptera: Culicidae)
ARMY MEDICAL LAB PACIFIC APO SAN FRANCISCO 96343
Pagination or Media Count:
This is a taxonomic revision of the adults and 4th stage larvae of the true mosquitoes of Japan including the Ryukyu Archipelago and the Ogasawara islands, and South Korea. The pupa is only briefly considered in the subfamily Anophelinae. The family Culicidae is divided into 2 subfamilies Anophelinae and Culicinae. The subfamily Culicinae comprises 4 tribes Culicini, Uranotaeniini, Sabethini and Toxorhynchitini. No changes are made to the generic and subgeneric divisions. Culex Barraudus inutomii Kamimura and Wada is elevated to species rank from a subspecies of modestus. Toxorhynchites Toxorhynchites yarnadai Ouchi and TX. Tox. yaeyamae Bohart are reduced to subspecies of manicatus Edwards. New taxa are as follows Culex Eumelunomyia hayashii ryukyuanus new subspecies, Cx. Lutzia shinonagai new species, Heizmannia kana new species, Aedes Ochlerotatus impiger daisetsuzanus new subspecies, Ae. Och. hexodontus hokkaidensis new subspecies, Ae. Finlaya japonicus amamiensis new subspecies, Ae. Fin. japonicus yaeyamensis new subspecies, Ae. Fin. nishikawai new species, Ae. Stegomyia flavopictus miyarai new subspecies, Ae. stg. wadai new species, Uranotaenia Pseudoficalbia novobscura ryukywzna new subspecies, Tripteroides Tripteroides bambusa yaeyamensis new subspecies. The male of Anopheles Anopheles safieroi saperoi Bohart and Ingram and the larva of Aedes Geoskusea baisasi Knight and Hull are described for the first time. The bionomics and relation to diseases, when known, are briefly discussed for each species. The morphology of the larval maxilla is discussed, and the following new terms are proposed lacinial suture, lateral artis, mesostipes, palpostipes, pseudoartis and stipital sensorium. In addition, a new numbering system for the maxillary ring-based setae is presented.