Theater Missile Defense: Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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U.S. troops deployed abroad and U.S. allies are potentially threatened by biological, chemical, and even nuclear weapons that could be delivered by ballistic or cruise missiles. Missile production by North Korea, Iraq and Iran has caused concern and has generated considerable support in Congress to develop and deploy missile defense systems. For fiscal year 2002, the President requested about 3.24 billion for programs to defend against theater missiles called Theater Missile Defense or TMD. Six U.S. theater missile defense weapon systems being developed are Patriot PAC-3, Navy Area Defense NAD, Medium Extended Air Defense System MEADS, Theater High Altitude Area Defense THAAD, Navy Theater Wide NTW, and Airborne Laser ABL. The request included larger amounts than Congress appropriated last year for all the programs, especially PAC-3, THAAD, and ABL. Compared to the FY2002 Clinton request, the Bush request for NTW shows a 166 increase. The defense authorization act increased amounts in FY2001 for PAC-3, NTW and ABL, approved requested amounts for THAAD and NAD, and cut the amount for MEADS. For FY2000, Congress increased amounts for PAC-3, NTW, and a number of smaller programs. It also required that NTW and THAAD be funded and managed as separate programs, contrary to the BMDO plan to have them compete for funds from a single line.
- Antimissile Defense Systems