Actionable Cultural Understanding for Support to Tactical Operations (ACUSTO): Toward a New Methodological Template for Spatial Decision Support System
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB
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This report approaches the development of actionable intelligence for counterinsurgency by drawing parallels with the study of criminal events such as homicides, vehicle thefts, and gang violence, and by exploiting the methodological approaches that emphasize spatially explicit information. This spatial analysis of crime builds on the well-established methods of spatial data analysis and spatial statistics, and applies these in the context of criminal events that happen at specific locations. The theoretical background for these methods is drawn from environmental criminology. Methods are categorized into three main groups exploratory spatial data analysis, explanatory spatial modeling, and surveillanceforecasting techniques. The basic principles are outlined and examples provided that illustrate the application specific techniques in crime analysis. An initial methodological template is formulated that stresses the constraints imposed by the quality and quantity of spatially specific information available in a counterinsurgency context.
- Computer Programming and Software
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics