Occupational Pursuits: The Army and World War II Occupation Planning
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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This paper examines how the United States Army became the dominant U.S. government agency in post-World War II occupation planning. Despite President Roosevelts own misgivings, which were shared by several influential members of his Cabinet, the Army prevailed in shaping occupation policy in accordance with its understanding and priorities. The reasons are due to the cultural and organizational imperatives of the Army, including its drive towards professionalization and its incorporation of legal standards during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Other related factors include the Armys ability to create coherent internal doctrine, the relative weakness of civilian agencies, and the agenda and postwar goals of President Roosevelt himself.
- Government and Political Science
- Humanities and History
- Military Forces and Organizations