Stories, Stakeholder Expansion, and Surrogate Consciousness: Using Innovations in Social Movement Theory to Understand and Influence Hizballah's Developmental Trajectory
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER FOR CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT
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There is little doubt that framing processes play an important role in creating and sustaining social mobilization processes in the Middle East. More controversially, framing processes are also critical for sustaining organizational efficiency when movements spawn formal organizations, those organizations will take advantage of some of the same processes used by mobilization leaders to shore up support from actors interested in seeing the organization achieve its goals. Moreover, when organizations find themselves in turbulent and problematic environments, they may shift their framing processes so as to cultivate new stakeholder relationships and broaden the base of those willing to provide material and moral support. Often, this will involve expanding the goals of the organization, providing existing members reason to support these new goals by developing a sense of shared responsibility for the fate of those affected by these new objectives--in short, by cultivating surrogate consciousness in their traditional membership. This process will influence the development of movements and their organizations and may increase the likelihood that a formal organization will develop in one way for example, by choosing violent rather than nonviolent political engagement rather than another.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Unconventional Warfare