Time Transfer Through Optical Fibers (TTTOF): First Results of Calibrated Clock Comparisons
PHYSIKALISCH-TECHNISCHE BUNDESANSTALT BRAUNSCHWEIG (GERMANY)
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We have developed a means for accurate time transfer using optical fibers and aim at the synchronization of clocks located at different places on an institute campus with an overall uncertainty of 100 ps or better. Such an installation shall be used as a part of the infrastructure connecting the ground station setups during forthcoming T2L2 and ACES experiments and the local installations at the PTB time laboratory. Our target transmission length is less than 1 km. To transfer time, a code-domain-multiple-access CDMA signal is used for modulation of a laser. Optical signals are exchanged in the two-way mode to cancel long-term fiber length variation. This is similar to the well known two-way satellite time and frequency transfer TWSTFT scheme. We discuss procedures for a proper calibration of such time transfer through optical fibers links and show first promising results of an experiment using a test loop on the PTB campus with a length of 2 km.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
- Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics