Food Security as a Constraint on National Policy Decision Making in the Arab Region: A Case Study on Food Security in Sudan
MARINE CORPS COMBAT DEVELOPMENT COMMAND QUANTICO VA
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This paper will briefly talk about food shortage and its contribution to food security in the Arab states. Second, it will identify the causes of this problem and discuss how the Arab governments did not engage in long term solutions and did not try to emulate successful models. Third, it will explore the Sudanese model, which was a successful one for the last thirty years. Finally, this paper will offer a suggestion as a solution to the food shortage problem. As the food shortage problem spreads in the Arab states because of shortages in food production, rising costs of agriculture raw materials, possible floods arid others, Arab policymakers can no longer ignore it. Shortages in food productions are caused by the population growth, the lack of agricultural lands in the Arab region, the increase of competition in the global markets of grains and crops. The rising costs of agriculture raw materials are caused by the tariffs and other trade barriers on these imported materials. However, the floods are part of a normal climate cycles in countries such as Egypt, Sudan, Iraq and Lebanon. As a result, the Arab policymakers need to develop strategic plans including government subsidies to resolve the problem. These plans may include the adoption of the Sudans program, which has shown to be successful for decades.
- Government and Political Science
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition