The Department of Homeland Security Intelligence Enterprise: Operational Overview and Oversight Challenges for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
The primary mission of the Department of Homeland Security DHS, the Department is to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism, and minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery from terrorist attacks that do occur in the United States. Since its inception in 2003, DHS has had an intelligence component to support this mission and has been a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community IC. Following a major reorganization of the DHS called the Second Stage Review or 2SR in July 2005, former Secretary of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff established a strengthened Office of Intelligence and Analysis IA and made the Assistant Secretary for Information Analysis now Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis the Chief Intelligence Officer for the Department. He also tasked IA with ensuring that intelligence is coordinated, fused, and analyzed within the Department to provide a common operational picture provide a primary connection between DHS and the IC as a whole and to act as a primary source of information for state, local and private sector partners. Today, the DHS Intelligence Enterprise DHS IE consists of IA, two headquarters elements supported by IA, and the intelligence elements of six DHS operational components U.S. Customs and Border Protection CBP, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement ICE. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services USCIS, the Transportation Security Administration TSA, U.S. Coast Guard USCG, and U.S. Secret Service USSS.
- Civil Defense