Accession Number:

ADA517337

Title:

Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector

Descriptive Note:

Congressional rept.

Corporate Author:

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2010-03-16

Pagination or Media Count:

22.0

Abstract:

Damage to or destruction of the nations water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack or natural disaster could disrupt the delivery of vital human services in this country, threatening public health and the environment, or possibly causing loss of life. Interest in such problems has increased greatly since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States. Across the country, water infrastructure systems extend over vast areas, and ownership and operation responsibility are both public and private, but are overwhelmingly non-federal. Since the attacks, federal dam operators and local water and wastewater utilities have been under heightened security conditions and are evaluating security plans and measures. There are no federal standards or agreed-upon industry practices within the water infrastructure sector to govern readiness, response to security incidents, or recovery. Efforts to develop protocols and tools have been ongoing since the 911 terrorist attacks. This report presents an overview of this large and diverse sector, describes security-related actions by the government and private sector since 911, and discusses additional policy issues and responses, including congressional interest. Recent congressional interest has focused on two legislative issues 1 security of wastewater utilities, and 2 whether to include water utilities in chemical plant security regulations implemented by the Department of Homeland Security. In the 109th Congress, a Senate committee approved legislation to encourage wastewater treatment works to conduct vulnerability assessments and develop site security plans. Similar legislation was introduced in the 110th Congress, and has been introduced in the 111th Congress H.R. 2883.

Subject Categories:

  • Government and Political Science
  • Civil Engineering
  • Civil Defense
  • Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE