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Random Shape and Reflectance Representations for 3D Assisted/Automated Target Recognition (ATR)

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Final rept. 5 Mar 2007-5 Sep 2009

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This document is the final report for research on ATR Center RASER Grant FA8650-07-1-1113. The objective of this project was to expand the capabilities of model-based assistedautomated target recognition ATR systems by explicitly accommodating variation in shape and reflectance across elements of a broad target class. Work is set in the context of three-dimensional point-cloud data sets, such as LADAR or other structured light methods, and builds off a data representation model that represents measurement uncertainty probabilistically. Under this data model, the likelihood that a particular target gave rise to an observed point cloud can be computed using a collection of numerical integrations over the surface of a model of a target. Selection of the target with the largest likelihood then yields the classification result with the minimum probability of error MPE that can be achieved using a given sample of observed points. Our focus is on the study of anytime ATR algorithms, which are structured to support classification result queries that are placed at unknown, arbitrary times. A naive anytime algorithm based on the MPE decision rule can be defined in terms of round-robin calculations of likelihoods for observed points.

Subject Categories:

  • Optical Detection and Detectors
  • Target Direction, Range and Position Finding
  • Electricity and Magnetism

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