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A Multi-Mode Sensing System for Corrosion Detection Using Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors
SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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As an emerging technology for in-situ damage detection and nondestructive evaluation, structural health monitoring with active sensors active SHM plays as a promising candidate for the pipeline inspection and diagnosis. Piezoelectric wafer active sensor PWAS, as an active sensing device, can be permanently attached to the structure to interrogate it at will and can operate in propagating wave mode or electromechanical impedance mode. Its small size and low cost about 10 each make itself a potential and unique technology for in-situ SHM application. The objective of the research in this paper is to develop a permanently installed in-situ multi-mode sensing system for the corrosion monitoring and prediction of critical pipeline systems. Such a system is used during in-service period, recording and monitoring the changes of the pipelines over time, such as corrosion, wall thickness, etc. Having the real-time data available, maintenance strategies based on these data can then be developed to ensure a safe and less expensive operation of the pipeline systems. After a detailed review of PWAS SHM methods, including ultrasonic, impedance, and thickness measurement, we introduce the concept of PWAS-based multi-mode sensing approach for corrosion detection in pipelines. Particularly, we investigate the potential for using PWAS waves for in thickness mode experimentally. Finally, experiments are conducted to verify the corrosion detection ability of the PWAS network in both metallic plate and pipe in a laboratory setting. Results show successful corrosion localization in both tests.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE