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Violence Against Women Act: History and Federal Funding
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 VAWA 2005 P.L. 109-162 was enacted on January 5, 2006. Among other things, VAWA 2005 reauthorized existing VAWA programs and created many new programs. The act encourages collaboration among law enforcement, judicial personnel, and public and private service providers to victims of domestic and sexual violence increases public awareness of domestic violence addresses the special needs of victims of domestic and sexual violence, including the elderly, disabled, children, youth, and individuals of ethnic and racial communities authorizes long-term and transitional housing for victims makes some provisions gender-neutral and requires studies and reports on the effectiveness of approaches used for certain grants in combating violence. VAWA programs are funded through annual appropriations for both the Departments of Justice DOJ and Health and Human Services HHS. President Barack Obama released his FY2011 budget on February 2, 2011, requesting funding of 649.36 million for violence against women programs. For programs administered by DOJ, the President requests 457.00 million, of which 187.50 million is for Services-Training-Officers-Prosecutors STOP formula grants and 25.00 million is for Transitional Housing Assistance grants. The FY2011 funding request for programs administered by HHS is 192.36 million, of which 140.00 million is for Family Violence PreventionGrants for Battered Womens Shelters and 5.00 million is for the National Domestic Violence Hotline.
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