Afghanistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The U.S. program of assistance to Afghanistan is intended to stabilize and strengthen the Afghan economic, social, political, and security environment so as to blunt popular support for extremist forces in the region. Since 2001, about 47 billion has been appropriated toward this effort. More than half of U.S. assistance-roughly 57-has gone to the training and equipping of Afghan forces. The remainder has gone to development and humanitarian-related activities from infrastructure to private sector support, governance and democratization efforts, and counternarcotics programs. Key U.S. agencies providing aid are the Department of Defense, the Agency for International Development, and the Department of State. In December 2009, Congress approved the FY2010 State, Foreign Operations appropriations H.R. 3288, Division F, P.L. 111-117, providing 2 billion in the Economic Support Fund ESF and 420 million in the International Narcotics and Law Enforcement INCLE accounts. It also approved the FY2010 DOD appropriations H.R. 3326, P.L. 111-118, providing 6.6 billion to the Afghan Security Forces Fund ASFF and allocating 1 billion for the Commanders Emergency Response Program CERP activities in Afghanistan. This report provides a big picture overview of the U.S. aid program and congressional action. It describes what various aid agencies report they are doing in Afghanistan. It does not address the effectiveness of their programs. It will be updated as events warrant.
- Government and Political Science
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