Accession Number:

ADA513827

Title:

Department of Defense Explosives Safety Criteria: Risk-Based Approach as a Complement to the Quantity-Distance Approach

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LAB RICHLAND WA

Report Date:

1996-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

At present, the Department of Defense uses deterministic explosive safety criteria for operations involving munitions and explosives. This approach provides default criteria over a broad range of diverse applications. A strength of this approach derives from its simplicity and relative ease of application. A weakness of this process is that its criteria are inflexible and require obtaining waivers or exemptions for a noncompliance. The quantitative risk-based approach provides flexibility in site-specific placement or handling of explosives since incremental increases in quantities of explosives may be shown to have acceptable incremental increases in risk. However, the process of a risk-based approach is more complex than a deterministic quantity-distance approach. This paper examines a risk-based approach for explosive safety criteria. Other governments are currently using risk-based criteria. For example, the Department of Defense of Switzerland has been using the risk-based approach for some 25 years. Their approach focuses on lethality as a measure of risk. Although this is a very important risk measure, other measures such as risk to loss of mission may have considerable importance to U.S. operations. The paper includes a comparison of the results from a deterministic analysis and the risk-based approach.

Subject Categories:

  • Administration and Management
  • Safety Engineering
  • Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
  • Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE