Integrated Analysis of Scramjet Flowpath and Innovative Inlets (Preprint)
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH AIR VEHICLES DIRECTORATE
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An overview is presented of fundamental and practical insights obtained on scramjet flowpaths during a three year Challenge Project utilizing high fidelity methodologies and advanced postprocessing techniques. Simulations are employed to analyze the principal phenomena, including inlet distortion, fuel-air mixing, ignition and thrust generation at freestream Mach numbers between 6 and 8. In addition to guiding the evolution and execution of high-speed ground and flight experiments, the discovery objective of the project identifies trends and suggests optimization strategies for rapid response and kinetic kill hypersonic vehicles. Three inlet designs are considered, including the traditional rectangular cross-section configuration and two streamline traced variants denoted Scoop and Jaws, each attached to a corresponding cavity-based flame-holding combustor. The simulations reveal the characteristic distortion signature of each design. Parametric analyses provide insight into major performance issues, including the effects of distortion on combustion, injector port configurations and gaseous versus liquid multi-phase injection of simple and complex fuels. Some results are consistent with intuition for example, streamwise-staggered and spanwise-interlaced injectors enhance diffusive mixing. Other findings are not intuitive and point to competing constraints.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Air Breathing Engines (Unconventional)
- Rocket Engines