Modeling of the Internal Two-Phase Flow in a Gas-Centered Swirl Coaxial Fuel Injector
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB EDWARDS AFB CA PROPULSION DIRECTORATE
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Predicting the liquid film dynamics inside the injector cup of gas-centered swirl coaxial fuel injectors requires a general two-phase approach that is appropriate for all liquid volume fractions, high Weber number, and complex geometries. The rapid exchange of momentum at the highly convoluted interface requires tight numerical coupling between the gas and liquid phases. An Eulerian two-phase model is implemented to represent the liquid and gas interactions in the injector as well as the atomization processes at the rough interface. The model, originally proposed by Vallet et al, assumes that in the limit of infinite Reynolds and Weber number, features of the atomization process acting at large length scales are separable from small scale mechanisms. A transport equation for the liquid volume fraction represents the dispersion of the liquid into the gas via a traditional turbulent diffusion hypothesis. A model for the growth of mean interfacial surface area is then used to characterize the growth of instability at the interface, allowing a characterization of Sauter mean diameter. The model shows promise as a computationally inexpensive tool for characterizing spray quality in regions where optical experimental data are difficult to obtain and two-phase direct numerical simulation methods are too demanding.
- Theoretical Mathematics
- Fluid Mechanics
- Reciprocating and Rotating Engines