China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the Peoples Republic of China PRC in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction WMD and missiles that could deliver them. Recipients of Chinas technology reportedly include Pakistan and countries that the State Department says support terrorism, such as Iran and North Korea. This CRS Report, updated as warranted, discusses the security problem of Chinas role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response since the mid-1990s. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. and other foreign concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Nonetheless, supplies from China have aggravated trends that result in ambiguous technical aid, more indigenous capabilities, longer-range missiles, and secondary retransferred proliferation. According to unclassified intelligence reports submitted as required to Congress, China has been a key supplier of technology to North Korea, Iran, and Pakistan for use in programs to develop ballistic missiles, chemical weapons, or nuclear weapons. Policy issues in seeking PRC cooperation have concerned summits, sanctions, and satellite exports. On November 21, 2000, the Clinton Administration agreed to waive missile proliferation sanctions, resume processing licenses to export satellites to China, and discuss an extension of the bilateral space launch agreement, in return for another promise from China on missile nonproliferation. However, continued PRC proliferation activities again raised questions about sanctions.
- Government and Political Science
- Nuclear Warfare
- Guided Missiles
- Nuclear Weapons