United States interests in South Asia
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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Having been in the strategic wilderness for more than a decade, the South Asian region is again becoming an area of geopolitical rivalry among world powers and regional states. The region was also an area of rivalry between Soviet and US forces during the period of the Cold War. Yet many years after the end of the Cold War the region is once again becoming an arena for intense rivalry between states due to a variety of factors. Some of these imperatives are energy security, security of sea lanes, terrorism, piracy and superpower ambitions of some of the rising states. The protection of these vital resources and reduction of conflict in this ocean should be a top priority of the hegemonic powers in the region. In this backdrop, the US as the sole super power of the world has an obligation to police this vital area for the betterment of the whole world. One effective way of tackling this situation is the setting up of a naval base in the middle of the Indian Ocean. An ideal location for this purpose is Sri Lanka which is strategically located in the Indian Ocean close to the major sea lanes running from the Persian Gulf to South East Asia. Therefore the purpose of this study is to analyze the five factors geography, security, infrastructure, society and geopolitical relations of Sri Lanka to find out whether it is mutually advantageous for the US and Sri Lanka to establish a US military base in Sri Lanka.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics