Incidence Insulin-requiring Diabetes in the US Military
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Type 1 diabetes mellitus T1DM is a disease of concern in young adults and children. Further research would be desirable to define the role of race and seasonality in incidence of T1DM in young adults. Seasonality and racial disparities in incidence suggest that T1DM may be associated vitamin D inadequacy. If so, public health action to reduce its incidence may be feasible with supplementation and vitamin D fortification of foods. Seasonal patterns and racial disparities in diabetes incidence that exist in military populations with uniform access to medical care may indicate a role of vitamin D status in diabetes control. A protective association between vitamin D adequacy and risk of T1DM has implications for active-duty military personnel at risk for this condition.
- Medicine and Medical Research