Newly Reported Respiratory Symptoms and Conditions Among Military Personnel Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: A Prospective Population-Based Study
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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Of the 46 077 participants, approximately 23 had deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan between baseline and follow-up. The proportion of newly reported respiratory outcomes in deployers versus nondeployers were as follows respiratory symptoms 14.2 vs 10.3, chronic bronchitis or emphysema 1.1 vs 1.1, asthma 1.0 vs 1.2, and any respiratory condition 14.4 vs 10.5. Symptoms and conditions were associated with deployment in both Army and Marine Corps members, with no statistical increase found in Air Force and Navy members. Deployment lengths were not linearly associated with increased symptom reporting. While it is reassuring to note no increase in newly reported asthma, chronic bronchitis, or emphysema, increases in newly reported respiratory symptoms in Army and Marine Corps deployers, independent of smoking behavior, demographic, and military characteristics, are of concern.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research