Accession Number:

ADA512728

Title:

The Impact of the Navy's Tuition Assistance Program on the Retention and Promotion of First-term Sailors

Descriptive Note:

Research paper 1 Oct 2007-30 Sep 2008

Corporate Author:

NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2009-08-24

Pagination or Media Count:

73.0

Abstract:

This study analyzes the impact of the Navys Tuition Assistance TA program on the retention and job performance of first-term Navy enlisted personnel. Prior studies analyzing the retention effect of the Navys TA program have produced conflicting results--one study finding that participants are more likely to leave the Navy, the other study finding they are more likely to stay. Our analysis of this relationship has several advantages over the prior studies. First, the analysis exploits a unique feature in the data to create a natural control group that allows us to adjust for the potential selection bias. Second, we use a larger data set consisting of cohorts of recruits who entered the Navy between 1994 and 2001. The recruits are tracked during their first five years of service. We find that first term sailors who use TA to enroll in college classes have a significantly higher probability of reenlistment and of promotion to both E4 and to E5 than those who participate but do not complete their courses. While these results are robust to the controls for selection, the results indicate that selfselection into the program is likely to explain as much as one-half of the baseline retention effect.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Humanities and History
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE