State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The annual State, Foreign Operations and Related Agencies appropriations bill is the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in general, as these activities have not been considered regularly by Congress through the authorization process. Funding for Foreign Operations and State DepartmentBroadcasting programs has been steadily rising since FY2002, after a period of decline in the 1980s and 1990s. Amounts approved for FY2004 in regular and supplemental bills reached an unprecedented level compared with the previous 40 years, largely due to Iraq reconstruction funding. Ongoing assistance to Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as large new global health programs, has kept the international affairs budget at historically high levels in recent years. The Obama Administrations FY2010 budget proposal indicates that this trend will continue. On May 7, 2009, President Obama submitted a budget proposal for FY2010 that requests 53.9 billion for the international affairs budget, a 2 increase over the enacted FY2009 funding level, including supplementals. Within that amount, 52.2 billion is for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill. The Administration requested significant increases to support additional foreign service officers at USAID and the Department of State, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, food security and agricultural development, counter-terrorism and law enforcement activities, and meeting U.S. commitments to international organizations. Among programs and regions for which the Administration recommended reduced funding, compared with estimated FY2009 levels, are economic assistance to Iraq aid to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia international peacekeeping and foreign military financing.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science