European PTTI Report
ISTITUTO ELETTROTECNICO NAZIONALE GALILEO FERRARIS TORINO (ITALY)
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Time and Frequency Metrology in Europe presents some peculiar features in all its four main components research on clocks and time scales, comparisons and dissemination methods, and dissemination services. Apart from the usual and traditional tasks of the national metrological laboratories, an increasing number of cooperation activities between the European Countries are promoted inside some European organizations, such as the EC, EAL, and EUROMET, that will be dealt with in what follows. The present situation is evolving in four directions national authorities strive to reduce nationally provided funds and suggest that their national laboratories compete in Brussels for community-provided funds, some trends toward a privatization of metrological and standardization activities, the upsurge of new labs and organizations, and the availability in some European countries of well-trained researchers coming from Eastern Europe. There are two additional problems, similar, as far we can presume on both sides of the Atlantic the shrinking of defense-driven markets and the economical crisis of space agencies.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods