Preliminary Observations on the Changing Roles of Malaria Vectors in Southern Belize
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD DEPT OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE AND BIOMETRICS
Pagination or Media Count:
A survey for larval and adult Anopheles mosquitoes was conducted in Toledo District of southern Belize during August-September 1992. We surveyed for larvae in 145 habitats and conducted paired indoor-outdoor collections of adult mosquitoes landing on humans at 6 houses. In 1940-41, Kumm and Ram reported Anopheles darlingi females to be the most common Anopheles mosquitoes inside houses and reported no specimens of Anopheles vestitipennis in southern Belize. In our 1992 survey we found no An. darlingi mosquitoes either as adults or larvae. More An. vestitipennis females were captured indoors than outdoors, whereas most Anopheles albimanus and Anopheles apicimacula females were captured outdoors. All 3 species were represented occasionally in 145 collections of larvae from diverse habitats. Anopheles vestitipennis now appears to be a potentially important vector of malaria during the wet season in Toledo District.