Tactical Garbage to Energy Refinery
Final rept. Jul 2007-Oct 2008
EDGEWOOD CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL CENTER ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DIR
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An emerging concept is the convergence of green practices such as systemic sustainability and renewable resources with military operational needs. Tactical biorefineries leverage biotechnology and thermochemical processes for energy production and are designed to address two significant problems in an overseas crisis deployment. The first problem is access to dependable energy. Operations in Southwest Asia have shown that, despite advanced logistics and host nation resources, access to fuel, particularly during the early months of a crisis, can be difficult. The second is the cost and operational difficulties for waste disposal. Delivery of materiel to forward positions creates huge volumes of waste, and its removal inflicts a costly and complex logistics and security overhead on U.S. Forces. Deployable tactical biorefineries are being designed to convert military field waste into immediately usable energy at forward operating bases, on the battlefield or in a crisis area. In addition to providing operational benefits to U.S. Forces, these systems will provide significant cost savings by reducing the need for acquisition and distribution of fuel via convoys that are vulnerable to attack. Tactical biorefineries would also serve a useful role in other military programs that support disaster relief or post-combat stabilization.
- Non-electrical Energy Conversion
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control
- Electric Power Production and Distribution