Current Study of Genus Culex in Southeast Asia (Diptera: Culicidae)
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
The genus Culex is not only one of the most dominant in terms of number of species and individuals but also one of the most complex and difficult genera among the mosquitoes of Southeast Asia. In a recent preliminary study a tough estimate of between 120-130 species, both previously recognized and new, have been seen from the area. They are distributed among 7 subgenera as follows Neoculex with 5 species Mochthogenes with 14-15 species Lophoceraomyia with 48-50 species Culiciomyia including Thaiomyia with 17 or more species Acalleomyia with 1 species Culex with 36-38 species and Lutzia with 2-4 species. The above figures are based on the reexamination of specimens, including the types and topotytpical material, mainly from Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines, as well as on a few from Cambodia, Vietnam, Taiwan, India, Burma, Ryukyus, Indonesia and other adjacent area. There is a strong indication in the present study that considerably more species still remain unknown and undescribed from several indicudual areas.