A Distributed Gas Breather for Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (micrometer-DMFC)
CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
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This paper introduces a distributed gas breather to remove the gas byproduct CO2 from the micro direct methanol fuel cell microDMFC. The concept and device configuration of distributed breathing aim to improve the performance of the mDMFC by 1 decreasing flow resistance, 2 increasing the active electrode area, and 3 reducing or possibly eliminating the discrete gas separator. Experimental verification is provided by a prototype breather with microscale hydrophobic breathing holes, which successfully removed CO2 bubbles from a mixture of weak sulfuric acid and sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution. The techniques to fabricate sub-micron hydrophobic breathing holes with good stability, which would enable integration of the breather into the eventual mDMFC system, are discussed.
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Physical Chemistry
- Electrochemical Energy Storage