Mass Spectrometric Analysis of the Electrospray Plume from an Externally Wetted Tungsten Ribbon Emitter
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB HANSCOM AFB MA SPACE VEHICLES DIRECTORATE
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Angle-resolved mass spectrometry in conjunction with retarding potential energy analysis provides information on the mechanisms of ion field evaporation and spatial distributions of the emitted ions and droplets, the latter being of particular importance in the emitter array configuration. In the present study, we conduct mass spectrometric, retarding potential, and angular distribution measurements for ions. The angle resolved measurements indicate that the spray comprises a mixture of droplets and ions. At low extraction voltage the dominate ion intensity comprises a narrow distribution in the center of the spray, with additional intensity emitted at larger angles. The anionic species observed are with approximately equal intensity. At higher extraction energies a broader angular distribution is found, extending to 40 degree half-angles. The distribution is peaked at center of the spray. The total current and deposition measurements are consistent with the observation that the higher extraction voltage creates a larger flow rate than that produced from the lower extraction voltage, leading to emission that contains a larger fraction of droplets versus ions, and also produces droplets of a larger size.
- Metallurgy and Metallography
- Electricity and Magnetism
- Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics
- Combustion and Ignition