United States Treatment of the Subcontinent and the Indo-Pakistan Dispute
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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America today finds itself at a crossroad in South Asia. Both India and Pakistan are faced with internal and external problems of great dimensions. While a truce was reached between them in September 1965 due to U.N. efforts and the agreement in Tashkent, it may well be only temporary and, while tension has eased, the deep-seated enmity between them continues to exist. Further warfare would offer further opportunities for Communist encroachment--from both Red China and the U.S.S.R. While India welcomed aid from the West at the time of the Chinese invasion from Tibet, she continues a policy of neutrality and a special relationship exists with the Soviet Union. Pakistan has become almost a partner of Communist China, while growing further away from the West and particularly the U.S. over the past four years. In these circumstances, the United States finds itself with no preemptive position in an area of the world which is of major importance to it, holding a quarter of the earths population and the strategic gates to the southeast and the Middle East as far as the Mediterranean Sea. New directions in military, economic, and political policy must therefore be tried and this thesis attempts to outline suggested courses.
- Government and Political Science