Latin America: Terrorism Issues
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, U.S. attention to terrorism in Latin America has intensified, with an increase in bilateral and regional cooperation. In its April 2009 Country Reports on Terrorism, the State Department maintained that terrorism in the region was primarily perpetrated by terrorist organizations in Colombia and by the remnants of radical leftist Andean groups. Overall, however, the report maintained that the threat of a transnational terrorist attack remained low for most countries in the hemisphere. Cuba has remained on the State Departments list of state sponsors of terrorism since 1982 pursuant to Section 6j of the Export Administration Act, which triggers a number of economic sanctions. Both Cuba and Venezuela are on the State Departments annual list of countries determined to be not cooperating fully with U.S. antiterrorism efforts pursuant to Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act. U.S. officials have expressed concerns over the past several years about Venezuelas lack of cooperation on antiterrorism efforts, its relations with Iran, and President Hugo Chavezs sympathetic statements for Colombian terrorist groups. The State Department terrorism report noted, however, that President Chavez publicly changed course in June 2008 and called on the FARC to unconditionally release all hostages, declaring that armed struggle is out of place in modern Latin America.
- Government and Political Science
- Unconventional Warfare