Accession Number:

ADA509943

Title:

Application of Quantum Chemical Approximations to Environmental Problems: Prediction of Water Solubility for Nitro Compounds

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

JACKSON STATE UNIV MS DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Report Date:

2009-11-10

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

Water solubility values for 27 nitro compounds with experimentally measured values were computed using the conductor-like screening model for real solvent COSMO-RS based on the density functional theory and COSMO technique. We have found that the accuracy of the COSMO-RS approach for prediction of water solubility of liquid nitro compounds is impressively high the errors are lower than 0.1 LU. However, for some solid nitro compounds, especially nitramines, there is sufficient disagreement between calculated and experimental values. In order to increase the accuracy of predictions the quantitative structure-property relationship QSPR part of the COSMO-RS approach has been modified. The solubility values calculated by the modified COSMO-RS method have shown much better agreement with the experimental values the mean absolute errors are lower than 0.5 LU. Furthermore, this technique has been used for prediction of water solubility for an expanded set of 23 nitro compounds including nitroaromatic, nitramines, nitroanisoles, nitrogen rich compounds, and some their nitroso and amino derivatives with unknown experimental values. The solubility values predicted using the proposed computational technique could be useful for the determination of the environmental fate of military and industrial wastes and the development of remediation strategies for contaminated soils and waters. This predictive capability is especially important for unstable compounds and for compounds that have yet to be synthesized.

Subject Categories:

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
  • Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE