Soil Electromagnetic Properties and Metal Detector Performance: Theory and Measurement
TERRASCAN GEOPHYSICS VANCOUVER (BRITISH COLUMBIA)
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Metal detectors are unquestionably the workhorses of humanitarian demining. Although hybrid dual-sensor systems incorporating a ground penetrating radar GPR have recently been introduced and are gaining acceptance, a standard electromagnetic induction EMI sensor remains the primary mode of detection. Despite ongoing evolution and refinement of metal detector technology, however, the practical performance of both continuous wave FDEM and pulse induction TDEM systems continues to be restricted by so-called soil noise effects. Generally, problem or difficult soils reduce signal to noise ratio and increase the false-detection rate. At certain locations, the soil effect is so severe as to render a given metal detector practically inoperable.
- Soil Mechanics
- Magnetic and Electric Field Detection and Detectors
- Electricity and Magnetism