China's Technology Sector
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC FEDERAL RESEARCH DIV
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This study provides a general assessment of major science and technology ST developments in the Peoples Republic of China PRC between 2000 and 2007. It is organized into eight sections key findings, introduction, an overview of Chinas political system, an overview of Chinas ST policy, the research and development RD establishment, key ST sectors, Chinas international role, and a conclusion. Because the Chinese government blocks access to data on controversial topics - particularly those related to nuclear energy, pollution, and the environment - this analysis of Chinese ST is necessarily incomplete. In early 2009, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Elsevier science publishers will cosponsor a special issue of the International Journal of Technology Management, entitled Chinas New Innovation Oriented Strategy, assessing Chinas 2006-2020 Medium and Long Range ST Plan MLP. This special issue will bring together analyses from ST specialists around the world and bring into sharper focus the various ways China is meeting the objectives laid out in the MLP. For the purposes of this study, ST refers to processes, products, and services that may be created by RD. RD refers to the discovery of knowledge about processes, products, or services, and the subsequent application of that knowledge to create new processes, products, or services. Innovation refers to the purposeful combination of market and nonmarket mechanisms to optimize the production, deployment and use of new knowledge for sustainable growth, through institutionalized processes in the public and private sectors.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems