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Performance of GPS On-Orbit NAVSTAR Frequency Standards and Monitor Station Time References

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Conference paper

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The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory NRL conducts comprehensive analyses of the Global Positioning System GPS atomic frequency standards under the sponsorship of the GPS Joint Program Office JPO and in cooperation with the 2nd Space Operations Squadron 2SOPS at the Master Control Station MCS in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Included in the analysis are the on-orbit Navstar space vehicle clocks and the ground reference clocks at each of the five Air Force and seven National Imagery and Mapping Agency NIMA GPS monitor stations. A presentation will be made o f the performance of the Navstar clocks currently operating in the constellation, which are characterized through the use of phase, frequency, drift and stability histories in addition to frequency stability profiles based an the Allan and Hadamard variances. Clock performance is analyzed using a multi-year database comprised of pseudorange measurements collected by each of the 12 GPS monitor stations. Results of these analyses are routinely used by the MCS in optimizing the qs in the Kalman filter. Continuous 15-minute measurements of the phase offset of each monitor station time reference from the DoD Master Clock are obtained from Linked Common-View Time Transfer from DoD Master Clock, which is the reference clock at the NIMA Washington, D.C. monitor station. The method is extended to obtain continuous 15-minute measurements of the phase offset of each active Navstar space vehicle clock from the DoD Master Clock. Hence, the performance of all space and control segment clocks is referenced to the DoD Master Clock, Discontinuities in the phase and frequency of the clocks are removed to yield the unperturbed performance of the clocks. The corrections, together with the probable cause of the discontinuity, are summarized.

Subject Categories:

  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
  • Navigation and Guidance

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