Acute Effects of Irradiation on People and Animals from Soviet Underground Nuclear Explosions
Technical rept. Jan-Dec 2007
ITT CORP ALEXANDRIA VA ADVANCED ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE DIV
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We studied the mechanisms and features of the formation of the response reactions in humans and in animals to the effects of radiation factors imposed on them from experimental nuclear explosions. It was established that, as a result of short-term exposure of testing participants and the populace to a low-lying radioactive nuclear explosion cloud in 1968, with an overall external gamma irradiation of from 170 to 260 mGy 17.0 to 26.0 rad, and an internal contamination from freshly produced radioactive fission products in the 296 to 740 MBq 8 to 20 mCi range, radiation reactions were expressed to varying degrees. Clinical manifestations of radiation reactions were accompanied by hematological changes and central nervous system damage.