Information Operations Primer
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP
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This introduction and the following essay examine both IO and SC conceptually and doctrinally as they apply to the information element of national power. They are intended as a guide to these topics to facilitate academic discussion and are not authoritative. Throughout this discussion, various terms may be defined less formally to facilitate understanding and comprehension. The reader is directed to Joint Publication 1-02, as required, for the approved formal definitions. Information Operations are an evolving construct with historical roots back to antiquity. Thus it is both an old and a new concept. The late 1970s saw the emergence of Information Warfare IW and Command and Control Warfare C2W as war-fighting constructs integrating several diverse capabilities. IW and C2W, in turn, evolved into Information Operations recognizing the critical role of information as an element of national power across the full spectrum of peace, conflict, and war.
- Information Science