China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities-Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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In the debate over future U.S. defense spending, including deliberations taking place in the current Quadrennial Defense Review QDR, a key issue is how much emphasis to place on programs for countering improved Chinese military forces in coming years. Observers disagree on the issue, with some arguing that such programs should receive significant emphasis, others arguing that they should receive relatively little, and still others taking an intermediate position. The question of how much emphasis to place in U.S. defense planning on programs for countering improved Chinese military forces is of particular importance to the U.S. Navy, because many programs associated with countering improved Chinese military forces would fall within the Navys budget. Chinas naval modernization effort encompasses a broad array of weapon acquisition programs, including programs for anti-ship ballistic missiles ASBMs, anti-ship cruise missiles ASCMs, land-attack cruise missiles LACMs, surface-to-air missiles, mines, aircraft, submarines, destroyers and frigates, patrol craft, and amphibious ships. In addition, observers believe that China may soon begin an aircraft carrier construction program. Chinas naval modernization effort also includes reforms and improvements in maintenance and logistics, naval doctrine, personnel quality, education, and training, and exercises. Although Chinas naval modernization effort has substantially improved Chinas naval capabilities in recent years, observers believe Chinas navy continues to exhibit limitations or weaknesses in several areas.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics