The Causes and Dynamics of Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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Pervasive conflict throughout much of Sub-Saharan Africa defies easy resolution due to a unique web of factors. Poor governance, ethnic rivalry, mismanagement of land and natural resources, declining economic conditions, and widespread poverty and famine form a daunting bulwark against stability. In recent centuries, much of the western world rose above these destabilizing factors because of socio-political-economic stability gained from two trends the spread of constitutional democracy and economic globalization. Two major occurrences, colonialism and the Cold War, prevented the Sub-Saharan states from following these two trends. The disruption in sovereignty caused by colonialism, which was then followed by hastily formed governments during the Cold War, spawned conditions of corruption, scarcity, and violent competition. These conditions make it difficult for African states to achieve lasting stability and advance economically. As a result, any stability gained is often fleeting, and conflict remains inevitable. To improve stability in Africa, the United States and other nations must implement policies that correct the long-term effects of colonialism and the Cold War.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Humanities and History