Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps: Instability in the Middle East
MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA
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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps threatens the United States national interests and stability within the Middle East because the IRGC controls Irans nuclear program and sponsors terrorism. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini formed the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps IRGC in 1979 to protect his regime against external and domestic threats. The IRGC has opposed U.S. policies in the Middle East since the IRGCs founding in 1979. The IRGC controls the Iranian nuclear weapons program and their quest for nuclear weapons is a long-term challenge to U.S. interests. Irans pursuit of nuclear technology and enrichment capabilities also poses a serious challenge to the United States strategic partners Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Turkey, and Pakistan. The Revolutionary Guard has sponsored insurgent groups such as Hezbollah, Muqtada Sadrs Jaysh al-Mahdi, and Hamas because the IRGC has a goal to spread a Shii version of totalitarian Islam. This paper is an analysis of the IRGCs nuclear weapons program and the IRGCs sponsorship of militant Islamic groups. This paper also assesses possible U.S. Government responses multilateral sanctions, regional alliances, covert action, and overt military action. The United States must address the impacts of Irans missile arsenal, the concern for Israels safety, the integrity of the Persian Gulf shipping lanes within the Strait of Hormuz, and the possibility of Iranian coordination of terrorist attacks around the globe. The United States Government must respond to the IRGCs sponsorship of terrorism and control of the Iranian nuclear program to reduce Iranian aggression, control nuclear weapons proliferation, contain totalitarian Islamism, and reduce terrorism.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Unconventional Warfare