Accession Number:

ADA507121

Title:

Super-Ensemble Techniques: Application to Surface Drift Prediction During the DART06 and MREA07 Campaigns

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS OCEANOGRAPHY DIV

Report Date:

2009-10-08

Pagination or Media Count:

20.0

Abstract:

The prediction of surface drift of floating objects is an important task, with applications such as marine transport, pollutant dispersion, and search-and-rescue activities. But forecasting even the drift of surface waters is very challenging, because it depends on complex interactions of currents driven by the wind, the wave field and the general prevailing circulation. Furthermore, although each of those can be forecasted by deterministic models, the latter all suffer from limitations, resulting in imperfect predictions. In the present study, we try and predict the drift of two buoys launched during the DART06 Dynamics of the Adriatic sea in Real-Time 2006 and MREA07 Maritime Rapid Environmental Assessment 2007 sea trials, using the so-called hyper-ensemble technique different models are combined in order to minimize departure from independent observations during a training period the obtained combination is then used in forecasting mode. We review and try out different hyper-ensemble techniques, such as the simple ensemble mean, least-squares weighted linear combinations, and techniques based on data assimilation, which dynamically update the models weights in the combination when new observations become available. We show that the latter methods alleviate the need of fixing the training length a priori, as older information is automatically discarded.

Subject Categories:

  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Marine Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE