Multi-Target/Multi-Sensor Tracking using Only Range and Doppler Measurements
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB HANSCOM AFB MA SENSORS DIRECTORATE/ELECTROMAGNETICS TECHNOLOGY DIV
Pagination or Media Count:
A new approach is described for combining range and Doppler data from multiple radar platforms to perform multi-target detection and tracking. In particular, azimuthal measurements are assumed to be either coarse or unavailable, so that multiple sensors are required to triangulate target tracks using range and Doppler measurements only. Increasing the number of sensors can cause data association by conventional means to become impractical due to combinatorial complexity, i.e., an exponential increase in the number of mappings between signatures and target models. In the new approach, the data association is performed probabilistically, using a variation of expectation-maximization EM. Combinatorial complexity is avoided by performing an efficient optimization in the space of all target tracks and mappings between tracks and data. The full, multi-sensor, version of the algorithm is tested on simulated data. The results demonstrate that accurate tracks can be estimated by exploiting spatial diversity in the sensor locations. These results are promising, and demonstrate robustness in the presence of nonhomogeneous clutter.
- Acoustic Detection and Detectors
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment
- Target Direction, Range and Position Finding