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Military Base Realignments and Closures. Transportation Impact of Personnel Increases Will be Significant, but Long-Term Costs are Uncertain and Direct Federal Support is Limited
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
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As part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure BRAC round, the Department of Defense DOD plans to relocate over 123,000 military and DOD civilian personnel, thereby increasing the staffing at 18 bases nationwide. In addition, DOD and local officials expect thousands of dependents and DOD contractor employees to relocate to communities near the BRAC 2005 growth bases. These actions will greatly increase traffic in the surrounding communities. BRAC recommendations must be implemented by September 2011. The House and Senate Committees on Appropriations directed GAO to assess and report on the impact of BRAC-related growth on transportation systems and on the responses of federal, state, and local governments. Accordingly, GAO determined the 1 expected impact on transportation in communities affected by BRAC decisions, and 2 federal, state, and local response to the expected impacts. To perform its work, GAO obtained information from the 18 communities with expected substantial BRAC growth visited 8 of these communities interviewed federal civilian and military officials and state and local officials and reviewed DOD data, transportation plans, and environmental studies.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE